B'Tselem's Web site today published the fatality figures for June 2006 in the Occupied Territories and Israel .
Forty-two Palestinians, six of them minors, were killed by Israeli armed forces. Twenty-four of the fatalities did not participate in the hostilities, but were bystanders who were killed in attacks by Israel 's air force. The figures do not include the seven members of the Ghaliya family, the cause of whose deaths B'Tselem can not determine at this time.
One Israeli civilian and two Israeli soldiers were killed by Palestinians.
B'Tselem calls on the government of Israel to distinguish between civilians and civilian objects, on the one hand, and combatants and military objects, on the other hand, and to refrain from attacking military objects if the attack will cause excessive injury to civilians.
B'Tselem calls on the Palestinian militant organizations to release the abducted soldier, Cpl. Gilad Shalit, and until that time, ensure that he remains healthy and safe. B'Tselem also calls on the organizations not to direct attacks against civilians.
By way of comparison, in May 2006, 36 Palestinians were killed by Israel security forces, one Israeli civilian died from injuries he sustained the previous month. In June last year, five Palestinians, three Israeli civilians, and one member of Israel 's armed forces were killed by Palestinians.