B'Tselem again sharply condemns the Qassam rockets fired at Israeli communities by Palestinian organizations in the Gaza Strip, which on 21 May killed a woman and injured a man in Sderot. Since June 2004, Qassam rockets have killed ten Israeli civilians, five Palestinian civilians, and one foreign national. In addition, hundreds of persons have been wounded or suffered post-traumatic stress syndrome as a result of rocket fire.
Aiming attacks at civilians, regardless of the circumstances, is a "grave breach," a war crime, under international humanitarian law, and the perpetrators are subject to individual criminal prosecution. B'Tselem calls on the Palestinian Authority to impose its authority on the bodies engaged in firing rockets at Israeli communities, and to meet its obligations to prevent attacks against civilians. International humanitarian law requires the PA to take urgent and vigorous action to achieve this objective.
Israel has the right and obligation to protect its citizens. however, acts of vengeance are forbidden by international law.