On 28 Jan. 2009, soldiers who had mounted an ambush happened upon Sharif Abu Hayah, 66, as he grazed his flock near his village. The soldiers assaulted him, handcuffed him, covered his face, and dragged him on the ground. On 17 Feb. 2009 B’Tselem applied to the Military Advocacy for Operational Affairs demanding an investigation. An investigation was opened that very day, yet three years later it was closed with no measures taken against anyone involved in the assault. Like so many other cases, the system operated as a whitewash mechanism, as described in our report The Occupation’s Fig Leaf.