Israeli media is not listing the names of children killed in Gaza. These are their names:

  • Sawsan Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 11
    |
  • Ahmad Sufian a-Jamal
    , 9
    |
  • Wisam 'Isam Marzuq Sheheibar
    , 7
    |
  • Siraj Iyad 'Abd al-'Al
    , 8
    |
  • Ahmad Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 8
    |
  • Walid Sa'id al-Harazin
    , 7
    |
  • Samih Na'im Abu Jarad
    , 1
    |
  • Ibrahim Khalil 'Abd 'Amar
    , 12
    |
  • Abd a-Rahman Akram a-Skafi
    , 12
    |
  • Zakariyah 'Ahed Subhi Baker
    , 10
    |
  • Safaa Malakeh
    , 6
    |
  • Aya Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 12
    |
  • Abd al-Karim Anwar Suliamn a-Drazin
    , 5
    |
  • Jawdat Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 13
    |
  • Iman Khalil 'Abd 'Amar
    , 9
    |
  • Abdallah Muhammad Kaware'
    , 12
    |
  • Dina 'Abdallah 'Aziz
    , 5
    |
  • Isma'il Muhammad Subhi Baker
    , 9
    |
  • Omar Jamil Subhi Hamudah
    , 10
    |
  • Hadi 'Abd a-Nabi
    , 4
    |
  • Fatmeh Mahmoud al-Haj
    , 14
    |
  • Hiba Hamed a-Sheikh Khalil
    , 14
    |
  • Adham Ahmad Abu 'Atiyeh
    , 4
    |
  • Qasem Jaber 'Adwan Kaware'
    , 12
    |
  • Hatem Na'im 'Aqel
    , 14
    |
  • Osamah Mahmoud al-Astal
    , 8
    |
  • Ahmad Khaled Muhammad a-Najar
    , 14
    |
  • Ghadah Subhi Sa'idi 'Ayad
    , 13
    |
  • Hussein Yusef Kaware'
    , 13
    |
  • Muhammad Ziad Saleh a-Rahal
    , 5
    |
  • Rahaf Isma'il Abu Jam'ah
    , 4
    |
  • Bader Siyam
    , 4
    |
  • Muhammad Mansur al-Bshiti
    , 7
    |
  • Rawan Ziad Hajaj
    , 15
    |
  • Baraah Saleh Mahmoud a-Raqab
    , 11
    |
  • Muhammad Salameh Abu Dabagh
    , 12
    |
  • Rayan Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 5
    |
  • Yasin Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 9
    |
  • Muhammad Rami Fathi 'Ayad
    , 3
    |
  • Shahd Mu'in 'Ali Qishtah
    , 9
    |
  • Yasmin Nayef al-Astal
    , 4
    |
  • Musa 'Abd a-Rahman Abu Jarad, 8 months
    |
  • Tawfiq Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 4
    |
  • Lamyaa Iyad al-Qasas
    , 11
    |
  • Mu'taz Hessein Samir a-Najar
    , 6
    |
  • Arwa al-Qasas
    , 4
    |
  • Maisaa Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 7
    |
  • Muhmmad Ibrahim Antiz
    , 13
    |
  • Marah Shaker a-Jamal
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Akram al-Kafarneh
    , 15
    |
  • Nabil Mahmoud Muhammad al-Astal
    , 13
    |
  • Muhammad Jihad Matar
    , 12
    |
  • Nur Yaser Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 2
    |
  • Amjad Salem Khamis Sha't
    , 15
    |
  • Nagham Mahmoud 'Abd al-Hamid a-Zweidi
    , 2
    |
  • Amir 'Adel Siyam
    , 12
    |
  • Saher Abu Namus
    , 3
    |
  • Anas 'Alaa Subhi al-Batsh
    , 10
    |
  • Suhelah Basam Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 3
    |
  • Asil Wisam Marzuq Sheheibar
    , 7
    |
  • Siham Muhammad Ibrahim Zu'rub
    , 11
    |
  • Ahmad Ramzi Abu Qadus
    , 13
    |
  • Walaa Na'im Muhammad Musalam
    , 14
    |
  • Salma Salem a-Radi'
    , 5
    |
  • Ibrahim Jamal Kamal Naser
    , 13
    |
  • Asem Khalil 'Abd 'Amar
    , 4
    |
  • Zeinab Safwat Abu Tir
    , 3
    |
  • Samar Musa Abu Jarad
    , 15
    |
  • Ibtehal Ibrahim 'Ayesh a-Ramahi
    , 4
    |
  • Abd a-Rahman Mahmoud 'Ab a-Nabi
    , 1
    |
  • Hatem Zein Nayef al-Yazji
    , 3
    |
  • Iman Ibrahim 'Ayesh a-Ramahi
    , 14
    |
  • Abdallah Yusef Daraji
    , 2
    |
  • Dima 'Abdallah Salim
    , 3
    |
  • Islam Hamudah Hussein a-Najar
    , 3
    |
  • Abeid Fadel Abu Hweishel
    , 9
    |
  • Hadi Salah a-Din Abu Hasanein
    , 12
    |
  • Hiba Akram Saleh a-Sha'er
    , 15
    |
  • Elyas Ibrahim Dib al-Kulani
    , 4
    |
  • Fatmeh Ahmad al-'Arja
    , 14
    |
  • Fares Jum'ah a-Tarabin، 3 months
    |
  • Haniyah 'Abd a-Rahman Abu Jarad
    , 3
    |
  • Umamah Ousamah Khalil al-Hayah
    , 8
    |
  • Ahmad Walid Nasrallah Samur
    , 9
    |
  • Qusai 'Isam al-Batsh
    , 12
    |
  • Husam Husam Abu Qainas
    , 7
    |
  • Ahmad Na'Im Muhammad Musalam
    , 11
    |
  • Raed Muhammad Thari
    , 4
    |
  • Bader Hatem 'Amish
    , 9
    |
  • Muhammad Mustafa Malakeh
    , 2
    |
  • Ru'ya Mhamhmoud 'Abd al-Hamid a-Zweidi
    , 5
    |
  • Bitul Basam Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 4
    |
  • Muhammad Salem Antiz
    , 3
    |
  • Rizeq Ahmad al-Hayek
    , 2
    |
  • Yamen Riyad al-Hmeideh
    , 4
    |
  • Muhammad Ramez 'Izat Baker
    , 11
    |
  • Rinat Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 2
    |
  • Yasmin Mahmoud al-Astal
    , 5
    |
  • Musa Muhammad Taher al-Astal
    , 15
    |
  • Tala Akram al-'Atawi
    , 10
    |
  • Kinan Hasan Akram al-Halaq
    , 6
    |
  • Mu'in Muhammad Siyam
    , 5
    |
  • Muhammad Ahmad As'ad al-Bidi, 3 months
    |
  • Mahmoud Jihad 'Awad 'Abdin
    , 12
    |
  • Muhammad Iyad Salem 'Arif
    , 10
    |
  • Marwah Suliman Ahmad a-Sarsawi
    , 12
    |
  • Muhammad Ayman a-Sha'er
    , 5
    |
  • Mariam Shybub a-Shanbari
    , 11
    |
  • Muhammad Ashraf Rafiq 'Ayad
    , 3
    |
  • Nur al-Islam Ahmad Abu Hweishel
    , 6
    |
  • Amal Bahaa al-Batsh
    , 2
    |
  • Nasmah Iyad al-Qasas
    , 10
    |
  • Amir Hamudah Hussein a-Najar
    , 2
    |
  • Saji Hasan Akram al-Halaq
    , 4
    |
  • Amneh Jihad Matar
    , 10
    |
  • Suha 'Abd Rabu Musleh
    , 2
    |
  • Asil al-Masri
    , 15
    |
  • Suliman Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 14
    |
  • Ahmad 'Abd Rabu Musleh
    , 14
    |
  • Walaa Muhammad al-Kayed
    , 15
    |
  • Siraj Yaser Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 4
    |
  • Ibrahim a-Sheikh 'Omar
    , 2
    |
  • Ahed 'Attaf 'Ahed Baker
    , 9
    |
  • Wasim Mustafa Salhiyah
    , 15
    |
  • Samar al-Qasas
    , 3
    |
  • Ibrahim Ramadan Abu Daqah
    , 10
    |
  • Abd a-Rahman Basam Khatab
    , 5
    |
  • Khalil Ousamah Khalil al-Hayah
    , 5
    |
  • Ayub Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 10
    |
  • Abd al-'Aziz Salah a-Din Abu Hasanein
    , 14
    |
  • Jihad 'Isam Marzuq Sheheibar
    , 10
    |
  • Islam al-Qasas
    , 15
    |
  • Abdallah Ramadan Abu Ghazal
    , 5
    |
  • Dalal Siyam, 9 months
    |
  • Hani Suliman Muhammad a-Najar
    , 7
    |
  • Israa al-Qasas
    , 7
    |
  • Fadi Diab Hassan Islim
    , 10
    |
  • Fatmeh Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 12
    |
  • Haifaa Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 9
    |
  • Ulfat hussein Abu 'Atiyeh
    , 4
    |
  • Ahmad Ayman Siyam
    , 15
    |
  • Qasem Rabi'
    , 12
    |
  • Husam Ibrahim a-Najar
    , 14
    |
  • Ahmad Nael Mahdi
    , 15
    |
  • Ghaidaa Siyam
    , 7
    |
  • Basem Salem Kaware'
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Khalaf Nawasrah
    , 2
    |
  • Rahaf Khalil Hamadah a-Jabur
    , 4
    |
  • Bisan Basem Ahmad Abu Jame', 6 months
    |
  • Muhammad Na'im Muhammad Musalam
    , 15
    |
  • Razan Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 14
    |
  • Hamzah Ousamah Khalil ak-Hayah
    , 4
    |
  • Muhammad 'Ali Kaware'
    , 13
    |
  • Rim Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 12
    |
  • Yasmin Muhammad al-Mutawaq
    , 4
    |
  • Muhammad Rajaa Hindem
    , 15
    |
  • Sha'ban Jamil Ziyadah
    , 12
    |
  • Yaser Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 8
    |
  • Mustafa Siyam
    , 9
    |
  • Muhammad Abu Shabab
    , 15
    |
  • Mahmoud Ahmad al-Qasas
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Iyad al-Qasas
    , 4
    |
  • Manar Majed al-Batsh
    , 13
    |
  • Muhammad Ibrahim Faek al-Masri
    , 14
    |
  • Miriam 'Atiyeh al-'Arja
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Anwar Suliman a-Darazin
    , 3
    |
  • Nujud Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame', 4 months
    |
  • Muhammad Hani Muhammad al-Halaq
    , 2
    |
  • Nidal Khalaf 'Awad Nawasrah
    , 4
    |
  • Amir Iyad Salem 'Arif
    , 11
    |
  • Sajidah Yaser Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 7
    |
  • Amirah 'Adel Siyam, 8 months
    |
  • Sarah 'Omar Sheikh al-'Eid
    , 9
    |
  • Anas Qdeih
    , 7
    |

Bombing family homes of activists in armed Palestinian groups violates international humanitarian law

Published: 
9 Jul 2014

The Kaware’a family home in Khan Yunis, Photo: Khaled al-'Azayzeh, B'Tselem, 8 July 2014
The Kaware’ family home in Khan Yunis, Photo: Khaled al-'Azayzeh, B'Tselem, 8 July 2014

Since the Israeli military launched Operation Protective Edge in the early hours of 8 July 2014, the IDF Spokesperson and media sources have reported deliberate attacks against the homes of senior activists in armed Palestinian groups. The IDF Spokesperson reported that 11 such homes were attacked. According to media reports, the defense establishment intends to continue attacking the homes of senior Hamas activists. The reports state that the bombings are being carried out with the “knock on the roof” procedure, whereby the military fires a small missile at the house it intends to bomb as warning, expecting inhabitants to leave the premises, and then bombs the house to destruction. In some cases, military representative call the family and instruct them to evacuate the house.

Even if uninvolved civilians are not injured, these houses are not legitimate military targets, and attacking them is a violation of international humanitarian law. The gravity of the violation is compounded when uninvolved civilians are injured. Until now, B’Tselem has documented one case in which civilians were in a house bombed after a prior warning missile was fired:

The Kaware’ family home in Khan Yunis

On 8 July 2014, at around 1:30 P.M., the military called the Kaware’ home, informed the family that the house was to be bombed, and instructed them to leave the premises. The three-story building, owned by Ahmad Kaware’, consists of seven apartments belonging to Kaware’ and his sons. One son, ‘Odeh Kaware’, is an activist in Hamas’ military wing. At first, the family members obeyed the instruction to leave the house, but they gathered outside it with dozens of other persons. At approximately 2:50 P.M., a missile fired from an unmanned aerial vehicle struck the solar water tank on the roof of the building. Several minutes later, family members and neighbors began to go up to the roof. At 3:00 P.M., a missile was fired at the building from an F-16 fighter jet. At that stage, four persons were on the roof and other people were in the stairway or in the courtyard, on their way to the roof. The roof collapsed under the bombing, killing eight people, six of them children. Another 28 people were injured, ten of them sustaining severe injuries.

The persons killed:

Hussein Yusef Kaware’, 13

Bassem Salem Kaware’, 10

Muhammad ‘Ali Kaware’, 13

‘Abdallah Muhammad Kaware’, 12

Siraj Iyad ‘Abd al-‘Al, 8

Qassem Jaber ‘Adwan Kaware’, 12

‘Amar Muhammad Judah, 20

Muhammad Ibrahim Kaware’, 50

Bombing the homes of senior activists in armed groups violates international humanitarian law, which provides a narrow definition of what constitutes a legitimate target and permits aiming attacks only at targets that effectively assist military efforts, when damaging them can provide a military advantage. Treating these homes as legitimate targets is an unlawful, distorted interpretation of the concept, resulting in harm to civilians, whom this body of law is intended to protect.

An IDF Spokesperson’s announcement from yesterday, after the first round of attacks, stated only that “among the targets attacked were four homes of activists in the Hamas terror organization who are involved in terrorist activity and direct and carry out high-trajectory fire towards Israel…”. In other words, the military itself acknowledged that the attacks were illegally aimed at homes that were not military targets. Only later was a new announcement made, in an attempt to retroactively adapt the described activity to the requirements of international law, stating that the targets were “the homes of senior activists that function as command and control headquarters”.

In the case of the Kaware’ home, not only can the house not be considered a legitimate target, but civilians were on the premises at the time of the bombing. Although the military did warn the inhabitants of the impending attack and instruct them to leave, its duty does not end with giving prior warning: it must give the inhabitants enough time to leave and ensure that all civilians have indeed evacuated the spot. Given the military’s sophisticated surveillance equipment, those responsible for the bombing should have known that civilians went back into the building. According to a senior air force officer, the military did not have enough time to divert the missile once civilians were detected re-entering the building. This claim is unreasonable, as many people were already crowded around the house when the warning missile was fired, raising suspicion that not all necessary precautions were taken to prevent harm to civilians. The military must publish the footage of the attack taken by the unmanned aerial vehicle. B’Tselem has also received initial information regarding a home bombed in Beit Hanun as part of a targeted assassination: B’Tselem’s initial investigation indicates that on 8 July 2014, at approximately 11:40 P.M., the military bombed the home of Hafez Hamad, an activist in the military wing of the Islamic Jihad. According to the investigation, none of the inhabitants received prior warning from the military and the house was bombed mere moments after the family went to bed for the night. The bombing killed six persons, including a 16-year-old girl.

The persons killed:

Dunia Mahdi Hamad, 16

Mahdi Muhammad Hamad, 46

Fawziya Khalil Hamad, 62

Hafez Hamad, 30

Suha Hamad (wife of Hafez), 25

Ibrahim Muhammad Hamad, 26

A statement issued this morning by the IDF Spokesperson read: “A joint IDF-ISA operation led to the successful IAF targeting of Hafez Hamid, 77′, a commander in the Islamic Jihad. Hamid was responsible for the recent rocket attacks against Sderot.” According to the statement, the house was bombed as part of the assassination of Hafez Hamad. The bombing took place at night, when the military should have known that family members would most likely be present. B’Tselem’s initial investigation also indicates that none of the inhabitants was given prior warning. These circumstances indicate that the attack was disproportionate and raise grave suspicion that the incident violated international humanitarian law.

B’Tselem will continue to investigate these incidents and other instances of harm to civilians and property in the Gaza Strip since the beginning of the operation. Thus far, at least 30 fatalities have been reported in the Gaza Strip, many of them civilians. B’Tselem reiterates that intentional targeting of civilians is a war crime.