The Jordan Valley is the eastern strip of the West Bank. It runs within the Green Line, from just north of the Ein Gedi area in the south, to just south of Beit She’an in the north. It is 15 kilometers wide and 120 kilometers long. The Valley is home to some 48,000 Palestinians, who live in 20 permanent communities, among them Jericho, and in dozens of Bedouin communities. 7,500 Israelis live in 28 settlements erected there.