Checkpoints, Physical Obstructions, and Forbidden Roads

Published: 
16 Jan 2011
Updated: 
20 May 2015

Israel's restrictions on Palestinians' freedom of movement in the West Bank are enforced by a system of fixed checkpoints, surprise flying checkpoints, physical obstructions, roads on which Palestinians are forbidden to travel, and gates along the Separation Barrier. The restrictions enable Israel to control Palestinian movement throughout the West Bank as suits its interests, in a sweeping breach of Palestinians' rights.

Prolonged checks and searches at some of the checkpoints, humiliating treatment by soldiers, and long lines deter Palestinian drivers from using some of the roads still open to their use. As a result, Palestinian movement on some of the main roads in the West Bank has decreased, and these roads are used almost exclusively by settlers.

Checkpoints

In April 2015 there were 96 fixed checkpoints in the West Bank, including 57 internal checkpoints, located well within the West Bank. The figure for internal checkpoints includes 17 in Area H2 in Hebron, where there are small Israeli settlement enclaves. 

Of the fixed checkpoints, 39 are the last inspection point before entering Israel, although most are located several kilometers east of the Green Line, or just outside the entrance to Jerusalem. 32 of these checkpoints are staffed regularly. Some have been completely or partially privatized, and several are staffed by armed civilian guards employed by private security companies under supervision of the Administration of Border Crossings at the Ministry of Defense.

At some of the checkpoints, Israel prohibits the crossing of private Palestinian vehicles, apart from individuals with special permits, and in principle allows passage only to public transportation and commercial vehicles.

In addition, the military erects hundreds of surprise flying checkpoints along West Bank roads. In April 2015 the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) counted 361 flying checkpoints as compared with 456 in December 2014, 256 in December 2013, and 65 from September 2008 through March 2009.

There are also two border crossing between the Gaza Strip and Israel: Erez Crossing for pedestrians and Kerem Shalom Crossing for transporting goods and fuel.

Click to view list

Physical obstructions

In addition, Israel has blocked the access roads to some of the main traffic arteries in the West Bank by means of hundreds of physical obstructions, such as dirt embankments, concrete blocks, iron gates and trenches. The number of obstructions fluctuates often, depending on political and security circumstances. For the year 2014, OCHA counted an average of 358 physical obstructions a month, compared to approx. 445 obstructions in 2012, 434 obstructions for May through December 2011 and an average of 519 for the year 2010. 

The obstructions prevent the crossing of vehicles even in emergencies. In addition, they restrict the movement of many pedestrians who have trouble bypassing them: the elderly, sick persons, pregnant women, and small children.

Forbidden roads

Another restriction is forbidding Palestinians to use certain roads. In March 2015, there were 60.92 kilometers of roads in the West Bank that Israel had classified for the sole, or practically sole, use of Israelis, first and foremost of settlers. Israel also prohibits Palestinians from even crossing some of these roads in a vehicle, thereby restricting their access to nearby roads that they are ostensibly not prohibited from using. In these cases, Palestinians travelers have to get out of the vehicle, cross the road on foot, and find an alternative mode of transportation on the other side. In addition, Palestinian motor traffic is prohibited on 6.72 kilometers of internal roads in downtown Hebron. Some sections are off-limits to Palestinian pedestrian traffic as well.

The forbidden-roads policy is not set out in military legislation or in any official document, except for the prohibition on travel on Route 443 that connects the Tel Aviv area with northern Jerusalem, which was prescribed in a military order five years after the prohibition was instituted and was partially lifted following a ruling by the High Court of Justice. Another road, which runs from the Beit ‘Awwa junction to the Negohot settlement, was reopened following a High Court ruling given in October 2009. The IDF Spokesperson's Office informed B'Tselem that the prohibitions on Palestinian travel are based on “verbal orders” given to soldiers. This mode of operation adds a dimension of uncertainty and makes it difficult to critique the policy and test its validity in court.

The Separation Barrier

IIn addition to the above restrictions, the Separation Barrier that was built well inside the West Bank impedes Palestinian movement. In April 2015 there were 32 checkpoints (included in the checkpoint figures above) along the Separation Barrier. In addition, for the period through 2013 OCHA counted 81 agricultural gates placed along the Separation Barrier, designed to enable Palestinian farmers who live on one side of the barrier and have farmland on the other to get to their land. In practice, only 9 of agricultural gates are open to farmers on a daily basis, and 63 are opened only during the olive harvest season. Crossing these checkpoints and gates is conditioned on a special permit and by prior coordination with the Civil Administration. In recent years, Israel has cut the number of permanent permits enabling access to land and communities situated on the western side of the Separation Barrier and has limited the permits it issued to short, fixed periods.

The severe restrictions on persons wanting to cross the checkpoints and gates varies from one checkpoint and gate to another and from one time to another, but at almost all the regularly staffed checkpoints and gates of the Separation Barrier, pedestrians and passengers alike have to show an identity card or a crossing permit and are checked in accordance with the procedures for crossing at the specific crossing. Often, soldiers check vehicles and the passengers' belongings.

Unlawful policy results in collective punishment

One of the declared objectives of Israel's policy restricting Palestinian movement is to protect the settlers. In light of the unlawfulness of the settlements, the restrictions pile one illegal action on top of another: sweeping, disproportionate impairment of freedom of movement of an entire population to realize and perpetuate a policy that is illegal from the start. However, even if the restrictions were intended to prevent attacks inside Israel, and not in settlements, the policy would be illegal given its sweeping and disproportionate nature, which makes it prohibited collective punishment.

Furthermore, Israel's policy is based on the premise that every Palestinian is a security threat, thus justifying restrictions on the person's freedom of movement. This racist assumption brings with it the sweeping violation of human rights of an entire population based on national origin. As such, the policy flagrantly breaches international law.

List of Checkpoints in the West Bank

# Namesort icon Type Staffing District Description
1 a-Nabi Saleh Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

Includes a watch-tower, metal gate, and concrete blocks. The watch-tower is permanently staffed, but the checkpoint is generally open and only occassionaly staffed, with no set schedule.

2 A-Rajabi Building Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Staffed by the military. Located at the entrance to the Wadi al-Hussein neighborhood. Soldiers perform random checks which were stepped up since April 2014, when permission to settlers enter the a-Rajabi Building was renewed. On Saturdays and Jewish holidays, the checkpoint is closed to Palestinians.

3 a-Sawahrah a-Sharqiyah Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed East Jerusalem

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. It separates a-Sawahrah a-Sharqiyah, a-Sawahrah al-Gharbiah and Jabal al-Mukabber from the rest of East Jerusalem. Staffed around the clock by Border Police and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of 1,300 residents who live on the other side of the barrier and whose names are on a list at the crossing and to residents of Jabal al-Mukabber who may cross on foot one way, in the direction a-Sawahrah a-Sharqiya. In early 2014, the Border Police began allowing the listed Palestinians to cross in their vehicles in both directions from 6:00A.M. to 6:00P.M. Residents of a-Sawahrah a-Sharqiyah who have entry permits to Israel are permitted to cross only through a-Zeitun crossing point.

4 a-Sheikh Sa'ed Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed East Jerusalem

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier, at the entrance to a-Sheikh Sa’ed. Staffed around the clock by Border Police and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of residents of the Jabal al-Mukabber neighborhood and a-Sheikh Sa’ed residents with entry permits. Both groups may cross only on foot. East Jerusalem residents who do not live in Jabal al-Mukabber are allowed to enter a-Sheikh Sa'ed through the crossing point, but may not exit from there. To leave a-Sheikh Sa'ed, they have to go through either a-Zeitun or a-Za'ayem checkpoints.

5 a-Taybah / Sha'ar Efrayim Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed/ goods Tulkarm

Located on the Separation Barrier at a location where the Barrier follows the Green Line. Used for the passage of goods. Staffed by private security companies from 7:00 AM to 2:30 PM.

6 a-Taybah/Rimmonim Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

Located on Route 457, at the intersection of the access road to a-Taybah and the settlements Rimmonim and Ma'ale Adumim. Includes a watch-tower. The watch-tower is permanently staffed, but the checkpoint is open and rarely staffed, with no set schedule.

7 a-Tur Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Nablus

The checkpoint separates Mt. Grizim from Nablus. The checkpoint includes a watch-tower, concrete blocks, and a metal gate. Since March 2012, the gate is usually open, rarely staffed, without a set schedule, and people are able to cross freely. Previously, the checkpoint was permanently staffed by the army.Samaritans were allowed to cross at all times, and Palestinians with permits (13 families that live east of the checkpoint) were allowed to cross at certain times.

8 a-Zaitun/Ras Abu Sbitan Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed East Jerusalem

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier, separating al-‘Eizariyah from the neighborhood of a-Tur and the rest of East Jerusalem. Staffed around the clock by Border Police and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of East Jerusalem residents and permit holders, who are allowed to cross only on foot.

9 a-Za’ayem - Jerusalem Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed/ goods East Jerusalem

Crossing point in the Separation Barrier, separating a-Za'ayem from Jerusalem. Staffed around the clock by Border Police and private security companies. Palestinians are not permitted to cross, with the exception of East Jerusalem residents who are permitted to cross, but only by vehicle.

10 a-Za’ayem - West Bank Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed East Jerusalem

Crossing point in the Separation Barrier, separating a-Za'ayem from the rest of the West Bank (not including Jerusalem). Staffed around the clock by the Border Police and private security companies. Random inspections are conducted of those crossing the checkpoint.

11 Abed / Tomb of the Patriarchs - South Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Located approximately 50 meters from the Tomb of the Patriarchs checkpoint. Staffed by Border Police. Controls traffic on a-Sahla Road and the area near the Tomb of the Patriarchs. Random checks conducted.

12 al-'Arub Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Hebron

There is a military guard-tower at the alternate entrance to al-‘Arrub R.C. Soldiers rarely leave the tower to conduct inspections.

13 al-Awqaf \ Tnuva Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Staffed by the military. Near the entrance of the Avraham Avinu settlement. Palestinians are not allowed to cross to a-Shuhada Street.

14 al-Fawar Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Hebron

Located on Route 60, at the al-Fawwar-Dura intersection. The infrastructure of the includes a watch-tower and an iron gate, but it is usually open and only rarely staffed by the military, without a set schedule. When staffed, checks are conducted randomly. The military rarely closes the gate.

15 Al-Hamra Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Jericho

Staffed around the clock by the military. Up until October 2012 Palestinian vehicles were not allowed to enter the Jordan Valley, with the exception of vehicles registered to residents of the Jordan Valley.

16 al-Jab’a (near Surif) Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Bethlehem

Located on Route 367. Staffed by the military around the clock. Closed to Palestinians.

17 al-Kafriyat Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Tulkarm

Located on the Separation Barrier. Staffed around the clock by the military. Closed to Palestinians with the exception of farmers with entry permits to the seam zone (Palestinians with entry permits to Israel and not the seam zone, may not enter).

18 al-Walajah / Malha / ‘Ein Yalu Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Bethlehem

Located on the Green Line. Staffed around the clock by the military, Border Police, and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of East Jerusalem residents.

19 Ari'el-Salfit Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Salfit

Located at the northern entrance of Salfit, south of the village of Kifl Haris. Permanently staffed by the military. From the beginning of the second Intifadah to September 2011, Palestinians were not allowed to travel on the road which connects the district city of Salfit to the villages north of it. Palestinian vehicles were forced to take a long detour. At present, Palestinians may travel on the road only on local public transportation, which links Salfit to the six nearby villages. Access to to the road is permitted also to ambulances, fire engines, and vehicles belonging to the Salfit Council and the Palestinian DCO.

20 Atarah Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

Includes a watch-tower permanently staffed by the military, but the checkpoint itself is open and rarely staffed, with no set schedule.

21 Baqah al-Gharbiyah / Nazlat ‘Isa Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Tulkarm

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier at a location where the Barrier runs along the Green Line. Staffed by the military from 5:00 AM to 10:00 PM. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of seven Palestinian families who live west of the Separation Barrier.

22 Beit 'Awwa Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Hebron

Staffed by the military and Border Police. The checkpoint has electric gates. Palestinians can cross on foot or by car. Inspections are conducted randomly.

23 Beit 'Ur al-Fauqa Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

Located on a road leading to Route 443, next to the village of Beit 'Ur al-Fauqa. Staffed by the military around the clock. Palestinians are permitted to pass after a thorough inspection.

24 Beit El DCO Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

The checkpoint is open around the clock and staffed by the military. From the beginning of the intifada until December 2014 it was closed by the military to Palestinians, with the exception of emergency vehicles and VIP-card holders. As of December 2014, the military permits Palestinians to cross the checkpoint into Ramallah.

25 Beit Furik Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Nablus

Located at the eastern entrance to Nablus. Includes a watch-tower and metal gate. The watch-tower is permanently staffed, but the checkpoint itself is open and rarely staffed, with no set schedule.

26 Beit Hadassah (a-Shuhada) Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Usually staffed by one soldier, sometimes accompanied by a police officer. Palestinians are not allowed to cross to Shuhada Street.

27 Beit Jala DCO Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Bethlehem

Located at the intersection between Beit Jala and al-Walajah. Has infrastructure that includes concrete blocks, but is usually open and staffed only very rarely, without a set schedule.

28 Beit Ummar Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Hebron

The checkpoint includes a watch-tower and a gate. The checkpoint is usually open and only rarely staffed by the military, without a set schedule.

29 Bet She’an-Bardala / The Jordan Valley Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed/ goods Jenin

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. Staffed around the clock by military and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of East Jerusalem residents who may pass following an thorough inspection. During certain agricultural seasons, Palestinian trucks transporting agricultural produce are allowed to cross twice a week.

30 Bet Yatir/al-Asaifer Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Hebron

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier, located near the Bet Yatir settlement. Closed to Palestinians with the exception of the Abu Qabita family who lives on west of the fence (they are not allowed to cross into Israel either.)

31 Bidu/Beit Iksa (Ras Bidu) Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed East Jerusalem

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier, separating the villages of Bidu and Beit Iksa. Staffed around the clock by Border Police and a private security company. Passage is permitted to all Beit Iksa residents, some Bidu residents, and East Jerusalem residents.

32 Bitunya commercial crossing Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed/ goods East Jerusalem

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. Open from 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM and used only for the crossing of trucks transporting goodsbetween the West Bank and Israel, using the "back-to-back" method.

33 Checkpoint 300 Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Bethlehem

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier between Jerusalem and Bethlehem. Staffed around the clock by the military, Border Police and private security companies. The checkpoint has an extensive infrastructure and is defined as a terminal. Palestinians are not allowed to cross into Jerusalem unless they hold entry permits into Israel or are East Jerusalem residents. Israeli tourist buses are allowed to enter Bethlehem only through this crossing.

34 Cliff Hotel (Surkhi Qunbar) Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed East Jerusalem

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier, south of Abu Dis, at the entrance to the al-Qunbar neighborhood, some of whose residents have Israeli identity cards and others West Bank identity cards. Al-Qunbar was cut off from Abu Dis by the Separation Barrier. Up until 2015 only residents of al-Qunbar and their visitors who received specific authorization were allowed to go through. As of 2015, Palestinians with Israeli identity cards and those with entry permits to Jerusalem may go through the crossing point up to al-Qunbar neighborhood.

35 Container/Qidron crossing/Wadi a-Nar Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Bethlehem

Situated east of Abu Dis, controls Palestinian travel between the northern and southern West Bank. Includes traffic lanes, access roads, road spikes, traffic lights, and traffic signs.

36 Deir Ballut Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Salfit

Includes a watch-tower that is occasionally staffed. The checkpoint itself is usually open and rarely staffed, without a set schedule.

37 Deir Sharaf/New Beit Iba Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Nablus

Located on Route 557 by Deir Sharaf. Includes a watch-tower and concrete blocks. Is generally open and only rarely staffed by the military, without a set schedule. When staffed, checks of people crossing are conducted randomly.

38 Diwan a-Rajabi (160) Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Located on the Worshipers' Road, approximately twenty meters from the police station. Staffed around the clock by Border Police. There is a gate at the checkpoint and all who go through are carefully checked. Palestinians are not permitted to cross into the Tomb of the Patriarchs, only to go near the checkpoint on Worshipers' Road.

39 Efrat / Wadi Rahal Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Bethlehem

Located on the road that leads to the Efrat settlement and to land owned by Palestinians from Wadi Rahhal. Staffed by the Efrat's security guards. Open around the clock. Closed to Palestinians.

40 Ein Gedi Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Jericho

Staffed around the clock by the military and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of East Jerusalem residents and holders of permits to enter Israel.

41 Entrance to Qalqiliyah Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Qalqiliya

Includes a watch-tower, but is generally open and rarely staffed, without a set schedule.

42 Giv'at Haavot / al-Muhwal Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Located at the entrance to the settlement Giv'at Ha'avot. Staffed by the military - usually by a single soldier. The checkpoint has a gate that prevents Palestinian vehicles from crossing, with the exception of residents of the area who have special permits allowing them to cross in private cars. Other Palestinians may cross only on foot.

43 Giv'at Ze’ev / al-Jib Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed East Jerusalem

Crossing in the Separation Barrier, west of the village of al-Jib. Permanently staffed by Border Police and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians leaving Ramallah, with the following exceptions: 1) Residents of the al-Khalayleh neighborhood of al-Jib, 2) Residents of al-Jib who own land on the western side of the Separation Barrier, 3) Residents of a-Nabi Samwil for whom this is the only access to Ramallah and the villages of northwest Jerusalem, and 4) Palestinians with work permits for the Givat Ze'ev settlement. 5) UN personnel travelling in UN vehicles. As of February 2015, Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem are permitted to cross into Ramallah.

44 Gush Etzion Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Bethlehem

Located on Route 60, between Hebron and Bethlehem. Includes concrete blocks, but is usually open and rarely staffed, without a set schedule.

45 Halhul-Hebron/Route 35 Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Hebron

Located at the intersection of Route 60 and Route 35. Includes a watch-tower. The checkpoint is usually open and only rarely staffed by the military, without a set schedule.

46 Hizma Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed East Jerusalem

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier, on Route 437, east of Pisgat Ze’ev. It is staffed around the clock by Border Police and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of East Jerusalem residents and members of the Khatib and 'Askar families.

47 Huwarah Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Nablus

Located at southern entrance to Nablus. Includes a watch-tower that is occasionally staffed by the military, and separate lanes for pedestrians and vehicles. The checkpoint is open and only rarely staffed, without a set schedule.

48 Idhna Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Hebron

Located on Route 35. The checkpoint includes a watch-tower and a gate which is usually open and only rarely staffed by the military, without a set schedule.

49 Irtah / Sha'ar Efrayim Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Tulkarm

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. Staffed by private security companies from 4:00AM to 7:00 PM. Closed to Palestinians with the exception of Palestinians with entry permits to Israel.

50 Ja'bri / al-'Ein al-Hamra / Generator Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Located north of the Tomb of the Patriarchs. Staffed around the clock by Border Police. Open only to pedestrian traffic. Passersby checked occasionally. Palestinians permitted access only into the Ja'bri neighborhood, not to the Tomb of the Patriarchs. In 2012 checkpoint opened for passage to the Tomb of the Patriarchs.

51 Jaba’/ a-Ram Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

Located between a-Ram and Jaba'. Staffed by the military. Passengers travelling to Ramallah are checked. Passengers from Ramallah are rarely and randomly checked.

52 Jalameh / Mqeibleh Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed/ goods Jenin

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. Staffed around the clock by the military and private security companies. The checkpoint has an extensive infrastructure, similar to a terminal. Closed to Palestinians, except for East Jerusalem residents and Palestinians with entry permits into Israel. They are permitted to cross only on foot. Also used for transporting goods between the West Bank and Israel using the "back-to-back" method. The checkpoint opens at 5:00 AM to allow entry for Palestinian working in Israel, and beginning at 8:00 AM, vehicles may cross from Israel to Jenin. The checkpoint is closed between 12:00 and 1:00 PM. From 2:00 PM to 5:30 PM entry into Israel is not allowed. From 5:30 PM to 7:00 PM people can cross from Israel into Jenin, and Palestinian citizens of Israel can return from Jenin to Israel. During Muslim holidays, restrictions are eased and hours extended, but not consistently.

53 Jaljulyeh / HaPerot (Fruit) / 109 Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Qalqiliya

Located along the Separation Barrier. Staffed around the clock by private security companies. Palestinians are not permitted to cross, with the exception of residents of Ras a-Tira, a-Dab'ah, Wadi A-Rasha, a-Ramadin, and ‘Arab Abu Farda, which are separated from the rest of the West Bank by the Separation Barrier, and resident of Qalqiliya who own land on the western wide of the barrier.

54 Jericho East (toward Allenby Bridge) Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Jericho

The checkpoint is open and staffed around the clock. It is used by people traveling to and from Jordan via the Allenby Bridge. Palestinians may cross on foot. Vehicles are not allowed to cross, except for public transportation and diplomatic corps vehicles.

55 Kafr Qassem / Kafr 'Ein Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Qalqiliya

Located on Route 5. Staffed around the clock by the military. Closed to Palestinians.

56 Maccabim / Beit Sira Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. Staffed around the clock by the military and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of East Jerusalem residents and holders of entry permits to Israel.

57 Mazmuriyeh / a-Nu’man Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed East Jerusalem

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. Staffed around the clock by Border Police and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of residents of Mazmuriyeh and East Jerusalem.

58 Ma’ale Efrayim/Gittit Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Nablus

Located about 100 meters west of the intersection access road to Route 505. The checkpoint controls entry to the Jordan Valley. Intermittently staffed by the military, with no set schedule. When staffed, passage of Palestinian vehicles is restricted, allowing passage only to Palestinian residents of the Jordan Valley or those with special permits, such as Palestinians employed in settlements. Until October 2012 the crossing of Palestinian vehicles into the Jordan Valley was restricted, and only vehicled registered to Jordan Valley residents were permitted to cross.

59 Meitar Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Hebron

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier at a location where the Barrier runs along the Green Line. Closed to Palestinians, except for holders of entry permits to Israel, and then only on foot.

60 Nabi Yunis/Halhul-Sa’ir Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Hebron

Located at the Halhul-Sa’ir intersection, on Route 60. Includes a watch-tower. It is usually open and only infrequently staffed by the military, without a set schedule.

61 Nashash/ Efrat North Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Bethlehem

Located on the entry road to Bethlehem. The checkpoint includes a watch-tower, rarely staffed by the military, and a gate on the road to Bethlehem. On rare occasions, the military closes the gate, but usually it is open.

62 Ni’lin / Modi’in Illit Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. Staffed around the clock by the military and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, except for holders of entry permits to Israel.

63 Ofer - Jerusalem Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

Located on Route 443. Staffed around the clock by the military and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of East Jerusalem residents and holders of entry permits to Israel.

64 Police (Shoter) / Hebron DCO / Bab a-Zawiya (56) Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Staffed around the clock by the military. Open only to pedestrian traffic. Closed only on Israeli holidays. There is a metal detector at the checkpoint and everyone has to pass through it. There are two metal turnstiles at the checkpoint.

65 Qalandiya Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

Staffed around the clock by the military and private security companies. The checkpoint has extensive infrastructure and is defined as a terminal. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of East Jerusalem residents and holders of permits to enter Israel, subject to inspection.

66 Qalqiliyah DCO / Eyal Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Qalqiliya

Located on the Green Line. Staffed by private security companies from 4:00 AM to 7:00 PM. Closed to Palestinians with the exception of holders of entry permits to Israel.

67 Rantis / Ofarim Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Ramallah and al-Bira

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. Staffed around the clock by the military and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of holders of entry permits to Israel.

68 Salem Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Jenin

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. Serves as the entrance to the Israeli Salem DCO, where there is a military court, the Land Registry Office, and a Police small station. Staffed only during daytime by the military and Border Police. Palestinians may cross to the DCO following an inspection. During the olive-picking season and furthre to coordination with the DCO, Palestinian resident of the village of Zabuba are allowed to cross the checkpoint to reach their lands.

69 Shani Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Hebron

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier at a location where the Barrier follows the Green Line, at the turn into the settlement of Shani. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of permit-holding Palestinian farmers whose land is west of the barrier. Crossing into Israel is forbidden, even to people with entry permits.

70 Shavei Shomron/ Sabastiya Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Nablus

Located on Route 60, at the eastern entrance to the Shavei Shomron settlement. Includes a watch-tower, metal gate, and concrete blocks. Is generally open and only infrequently staffed by the military with no set schedule. Random checks are conducted.

71 Shu’afat Refugee Camp Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed East Jerusalem

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier, near the Shu'afat Refugee Camp. Staffed around the clock by Border Police and private security companies. In December 2011, the checkpoint's infrastructure was expanded to a terminal's. The checkpoint allow residents of the Shu'afat Refugee Camp and the neighborhood of Ras Hamis to enter Jerusalem. The Ras Hamis checkpoint which was used for the same purpose was closed in September 2012. In addition, other East Jerusalem residents and residents of ‘Anata who hold entry permits to Israel may cross. Closed to all other Palestinians.

72 Tal Rumeidah (Gilbert) Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Staffed by the military from early morning to 10:00 PM. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of neighborhood residents and permit holders. Random checks are conductes of passersby. Turning left after the checkpoint is permitted only to members of the Abu Haikal, al-'Aza, al-Khatib and Abu 'Eishah families.

73 Tapuah/Za'tara Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Nablus

The checkpoint separates the northern West Bank from the southern West Bank. Vehicles traveling to the southern West Bank on Routes 60 and 505 are checked. Staffed by the military partially. Random checks of people passing through the checkpoint.

74 Tarqumya Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed/ goods Hebron

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of entry-permit holders to Israel. Used also for tansporting goods between the West Bank and Israel.

75 Tayasir/The Jordan Valley Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Tubas

Staffed by the military around the clock. Until October 2012 Palestinian vehicles access to the Jordan Valley was restricted, and only vehicles registered to Jordan Valley residents were permitted entry.

76 The Bakery / Tomb of the Patriarchs /al-Haram al-Ibrahimi - Southeast Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Staffed around the clock by Border Police. Located near the police station. Random checks conducted.

77 The Bench 2 checkpoint Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Checkpoint established in mid-2012. Located on Worshipers Route, approx. 20 meters east of the Bench Checkpoint. Staffed by one Border Police in a sentry-box who watches the passersby.

78 The Bench checkpoint Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Located east of the Tomb of the Patriarchs, approximately 30 meters northwest of the Bakery checkpoint. Staffed by Border Police who conduct random checks.

79 The Pharmacy Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Staffed around the clock by the militaryy. Located on a-Sahla Street south of the Tomb of the Patriarchs, close to the al-Ibrahimiya school and the Abu a-Rish mosque. Open only to pedestrians. The checkpoint has a metal detector, which everyone must go through.

80 The Soup Kitchen / (Shorabah) Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Staffed around the clock by Border Police. Situated opposite Border Police headquarters in Hebron. No passage allowed to the Tomb of the Patriarchs. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of permit-holders who live in the area.

81 The Tunnels Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Bethlehem

Located on Route 60 west of the entrance to Beit Jala. Staffed by the military, Border Police, and private security companies. Closed to Palestinians with the exception of East Jerusalem residents.

82 Tomb of the Patriarchs - West (1) Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Staffed by Border Police and regular police. North-west of the Tomb of the Patriarchs. Everyone entering is checked. Open every day from early morning to 8 P.M. Closed on Israeli holidays. Used by Muslim worshipers to go into the Tomb of the Patriarchs (there are two inspection points at the checkpoint, in the entrance to the mosque).

83 Tulkarem / al-Kafriyat Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Tulkarm

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier staffed by the military several hours a day. Closed to Palestinians; used primarily by Palestinian citizens of Israel crossing from Tulkarm into Israel.

84 Tulkarm Factories Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Tulkarm

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier at a point where it follows the Green line, on the old Netanya-Tulkarm road. Staffed by the military from 7:00 AM to 17:00 PM. Palestinian citizens of Israel travelling to Tulkarm from Israel may cross the checkpoint, but not from Tulkarm to Israel.

85 Turah / Dhaher al-Malih Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Jenin

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier where it surrounds the Barta'ah enclave. Staffed by the military from 7:00 AM to 10:00 AM and from 12:00 PM to 7:00 PM. Closed to Palestinians, with the exception of villagers from Dhaher al-Malih and Um a-Rihan, and permit-holding farmers from the villages of Ya'bad, Tura, and Nazlat a-Sheikh Zeid whose lands are west of the barrier. Crossing into Israel is forbidden, even for persons with entry permits. Some forty vehicles with permits are allowed to bring food into the enclave. Also dozens of Palestinians with permits who work in nearby settlements, such as Shaked, Tal Menashe and Hinnanit are allowed to cross the checkpoint. Sometimes closed on Jewish holidays and then the residents have to travel through the Barta'ah Checkpoint.

86 Wadi Fukin/Betar Illit/Tzur Hadassah Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed Bethlehem

Located on Route 375. Staffed by the military around the clock. Closed to Palestinians with the exception of holders of entry permits to Israel who are allowed to go through on their way back from Israel to Bethlehem.

87 Worshipers Way/ Wadi a-Nasarah Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

Staffed by Border Police and regular police. Located northwest of the Tomb of the Patriarchs. Everyone who goes through the checkpoint is checked. Open every day from early morning to 8:00 PM. Closed on Israeli holidays. Monitors entrance of Muslim worshipers to the Tomb of the Patriarchs (at the entrance to the mosque, there are two inspection points).

88 Ya’bad/Mevo Dotan Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Jenin

Located at the entrance to the Mevo Dotan settlement, on Route 585. The checkpoint is open and staffed by the military around the clock, random checks are conducted.

89 Yitav/al-A'ujah Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Jericho

Located northwest of Jericho, between the village of 'Ein a-Duyuk and the al-Mu’arajat road. Controls movement to and from Jericho through its western entrance. The checkpoint is intermittently staffed by the military, without a set schedule. Until October 2012, the crossing of Palestinian vehicles to the Jordan Valley was restricted; only vehicles registered to Jordan Valley residents were permitted to cross. In early 2013 soldiers randomly permit Palestinians to cross to Wadi al-A'ujah.

90 Yizhar-Huwara Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Nablus

Located on Route 60, just north of Huwara. Includes concrete blocks, but is generally open and only rarely staffed, with no set schedule.

91 Yizhar-Jit Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Nablus

Located on Route 60, between Yizhar Junction and Jit. The checkpoint is generally open, and only rarely staffed, with no set schedule.

92 Zabdah / Barta’ah / Rihan Last Checkpoint before Israel Permanently staffed/ goods Jenin

A crossing point in the Separation Barrier which surrounds the Barta'ah enclave. Staffed by the military and private security companies from 5:00 AM to 22:00PM. Closed to Palestinians, except for East Jerusalem residents and villagers of Barta’ah, Um a-Rihan, and Dhaher al-Malih, which are west of the Separation Barrier. Checkpoint closed even to Palestinians with entry permits to Israel. Passage of goods at the checkpoint requires advance coordination and restrictions are imposed on the number of vehicles transporting goods, the quantity of goods and their packaging (which must enable electronic inspection).

93 Zufin Internal Checkpoint Permanently staffed Qalqiliya

Closed to Palestinians with the exception of farmers with permits.

94 מגדל ליד בניין קפישה Checkpoint inside Hebron Permanently staffed Hebron

מגדל צבאי ליד בניין קפישה בג'בל א-רחמה. מאויש 24 שעות. מתבצעות בדיקות אקראיות לעוברים.

95 ‘Anabta/'Einav (eastern entrance) Internal Checkpoint Infrequently staffed Tulkarm

Situated on Route 557, at the eastern entrance to ‘Anabta. Includes a permanently staffed watch-tower, but the checkpoint itself is open and only rarely staffed, with no set schedule.