Israeli media is not listing the names of children killed in Gaza. These are their names:

  • Umamah Ousamah Khalil al-Hayah
    , 8
    |
  • Haniyah 'Abd a-Rahman Abu Jarad
    , 3
    |
  • Ahmad Walid Nasrallah Samur
    , 9
    |
  • Husam Husam Abu Qainas
    , 7
    |
  • Ahmad Na'Im Muhammad Musalam
    , 11
    |
  • Bader Hatem 'Amish
    , 9
    |
  • Muhammad Mustafa Malakeh
    , 2
    |
  • Bitul Basam Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 4
    |
  • Yamen Riyad al-Hmeideh
    , 4
    |
  • Abd a-Rahman Akram a-Skafi
    , 12
    |
  • Muhammad Salem Antiz
    , 3
    |
  • Muhammad Ramez 'Izat Baker
    , 11
    |
  • Yasmin Mahmoud al-Astal
    , 5
    |
  • Abd al-Karim Anwar Suliamn a-Drazin
    , 5
    |
  • Musa Muhammad Taher al-Astal
    , 15
    |
  • Kinan Hasan Akram al-Halaq
    , 6
    |
  • Abdallah Muhammad Kaware'
    , 12
    |
  • Mu'in Muhammad Siyam
    , 5
    |
  • Muhammad Ahmad As'ad al-Bidi, 3 months
    |
  • Omar Jamil Subhi Hamudah
    , 10
    |
  • Mahmoud Jihad 'Awad 'Abdin
    , 12
    |
  • Muhammad Iyad Salem 'Arif
    , 10
    |
  • Fatmeh Mahmoud al-Haj
    , 14
    |
  • Marwah Suliman Ahmad a-Sarsawi
    , 12
    |
  • Muhammad Ayman a-Sha'er
    , 5
    |
  • Qasem Jaber 'Adwan Kaware'
    , 12
    |
  • Ghadah Subhi Sa'idi 'Ayad
    , 13
    |
  • Mariam Shybub a-Shanbari
    , 11
    |
  • Muhammad Ashraf Rafiq 'Ayad
    , 3
    |
  • Rahaf Isma'il Abu Jam'ah
    , 4
    |
  • Nur al-Islam Ahmad Abu Hweishel
    , 6
    |
  • Amal Bahaa al-Batsh
    , 2
    |
  • Rawan Ziad Hajaj
    , 15
    |
  • Nasmah Iyad al-Qasas
    , 10
    |
  • Amir Hamudah Hussein a-Najar
    , 2
    |
  • Rayan Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 5
    |
  • Saji Hasan Akram al-Halaq
    , 4
    |
  • Amneh Jihad Matar
    , 10
    |
  • Shahd Mu'in 'Ali Qishtah
    , 9
    |
  • Suha 'Abd Rabu Musleh
    , 2
    |
  • Asil al-Masri
    , 15
    |
  • Tawfiq Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 4
    |
  • Suliman Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 14
    |
  • Ahmad 'Abd Rabu Musleh
    , 14
    |
  • Walaa Muhammad al-Kayed
    , 15
    |
  • Siraj Yaser Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 4
    |
  • Ibrahim a-Sheikh 'Omar
    , 2
    |
  • Wasim Mustafa Salhiyah
    , 15
    |
  • Samar al-Qasas
    , 3
    |
  • Ibrahim Ramadan Abu Daqah
    , 10
    |
  • Khalil Ousamah Khalil al-Hayah
    , 5
    |
  • Ayub Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 10
    |
  • Jihad 'Isam Marzuq Sheheibar
    , 10
    |
  • Islam al-Qasas
    , 15
    |
  • Dalal Siyam, 9 months
    |
  • Israa al-Qasas
    , 7
    |
  • Hani Suliman Muhammad a-Najar
    , 7
    |
  • Ulfat hussein Abu 'Atiyeh
    , 4
    |
  • Haifaa Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 9
    |
  • Ahmad Ayman Siyam
    , 15
    |
  • Husam Ibrahim a-Najar
    , 14
    |
  • Ahmad Nael Mahdi
    , 15
    |
  • Basem Salem Kaware'
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Khalaf Nawasrah
    , 2
    |
  • Bisan Basem Ahmad Abu Jame', 6 months
    |
  • Hamzah Ousamah Khalil ak-Hayah
    , 4
    |
  • Asem Khalil 'Abd 'Amar
    , 4
    |
  • Muhammad Na'im Muhammad Musalam
    , 15
    |
  • Yasmin Muhammad al-Mutawaq
    , 4
    |
  • Abd a-Rahman Mahmoud 'Ab a-Nabi
    , 1
    |
  • Muhammad 'Ali Kaware'
    , 13
    |
  • Muhammad Rajaa Hindem
    , 15
    |
  • Yaser Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 8
    |
  • Abdallah Yusef Daraji
    , 2
    |
  • Mustafa Siyam
    , 9
    |
  • Muhammad Abu Shabab
    , 15
    |
  • Abeid Fadel Abu Hweishel
    , 9
    |
  • Mahmoud Ahmad al-Qasas
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Iyad al-Qasas
    , 4
    |
  • Fatmeh Ahmad al-'Arja
    , 14
    |
  • Manar Majed al-Batsh
    , 13
    |
  • Muhammad Ibrahim Faek al-Masri
    , 14
    |
  • Fares Jum'ah a-Tarabin، 3 months
    |
  • Miriam 'Atiyeh al-'Arja
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Anwar Suliman a-Darazin
    , 3
    |
  • Qusai 'Isam al-Batsh
    , 12
    |
  • Raed Muhammad Thari
    , 4
    |
  • Nujud Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame', 4 months
    |
  • Muhammad Hani Muhammad al-Halaq
    , 2
    |
  • Ru'ya Mhamhmoud 'Abd al-Hamid a-Zweidi
    , 5
    |
  • Nidal Khalaf 'Awad Nawasrah
    , 4
    |
  • Amir Iyad Salem 'Arif
    , 11
    |
  • Rizeq Ahmad al-Hayek
    , 2
    |
  • Sajidah Yaser Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 7
    |
  • Amirah 'Adel Siyam, 8 months
    |
  • Rinat Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 2
    |
  • Sarah 'Omar Sheikh al-'Eid
    , 9
    |
  • Anas Qdeih
    , 7
    |
  • Tala Akram al-'Atawi
    , 10
    |
  • Sawsan Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 11
    |
  • Ahmad Sufian a-Jamal
    , 9
    |
  • Wisam 'Isam Marzuq Sheheibar
    , 7
    |
  • Siraj Iyad 'Abd al-'Al
    , 8
    |
  • Ahmad Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 8
    |
  • Walid Sa'id al-Harazin
    , 7
    |
  • Samih Na'im Abu Jarad
    , 1
    |
  • Ibrahim Khalil 'Abd 'Amar
    , 12
    |
  • Zakariyah 'Ahed Subhi Baker
    , 10
    |
  • Safaa Malakeh
    , 6
    |
  • Aya Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 12
    |
  • Jawdat Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 13
    |
  • Iman Khalil 'Abd 'Amar
    , 9
    |
  • Dina 'Abdallah 'Aziz
    , 5
    |
  • Isma'il Muhammad Subhi Baker
    , 9
    |
  • Hadi 'Abd a-Nabi
    , 4
    |
  • Adham Ahmad Abu 'Atiyeh
    , 4
    |
  • Hiba Hamed a-Sheikh Khalil
    , 14
    |
  • Osamah Mahmoud al-Astal
    , 8
    |
  • Hatem Na'im 'Aqel
    , 14
    |
  • Ahmad Khaled Muhammad a-Najar
    , 14
    |
  • Hussein Yusef Kaware'
    , 13
    |
  • Muhammad Ziad Saleh a-Rahal
    , 5
    |
  • Bader Siyam
    , 4
    |
  • Baraah Saleh Mahmoud a-Raqab
    , 11
    |
  • Ahed 'Attaf 'Ahed Baker
    , 9
    |
  • Muhammad Mansur al-Bshiti
    , 7
    |
  • Yasin Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 9
    |
  • Abd a-Rahman Basam Khatab
    , 5
    |
  • Muhammad Salameh Abu Dabagh
    , 12
    |
  • Muhammad Rami Fathi 'Ayad
    , 3
    |
  • Yasmin Nayef al-Astal
    , 4
    |
  • Abd al-'Aziz Salah a-Din Abu Hasanein
    , 14
    |
  • Musa 'Abd a-Rahman Abu Jarad, 8 months
    |
  • Lamyaa Iyad al-Qasas
    , 11
    |
  • Abdallah Ramadan Abu Ghazal
    , 5
    |
  • Mu'taz Hessein Samir a-Najar
    , 6
    |
  • Arwa al-Qasas
    , 4
    |
  • Fadi Diab Hassan Islim
    , 10
    |
  • Maisaa Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 7
    |
  • Muhmmad Ibrahim Antiz
    , 13
    |
  • Fatmeh Taysir Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 12
    |
  • Marah Shaker a-Jamal
    , 10
    |
  • Muhammad Akram al-Kafarneh
    , 15
    |
  • Qasem Rabi'
    , 12
    |
  • Ghaidaa Siyam
    , 7
    |
  • Nabil Mahmoud Muhammad al-Astal
    , 13
    |
  • Muhammad Jihad Matar
    , 12
    |
  • Rahaf Khalil Hamadah a-Jabur
    , 4
    |
  • Nur Yaser Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 2
    |
  • Amjad Salem Khamis Sha't
    , 15
    |
  • Razan Tawfiq Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 14
    |
  • Nagham Mahmoud 'Abd al-Hamid a-Zweidi
    , 2
    |
  • Amir 'Adel Siyam
    , 12
    |
  • Rim Ibrahim Dib al-Kilani
    , 12
    |
  • Saher Abu Namus
    , 3
    |
  • Anas 'Alaa Subhi al-Batsh
    , 10
    |
  • Sha'ban Jamil Ziyadah
    , 12
    |
  • Suhelah Basam Ahmad Abu Jame'
    , 3
    |
  • Asil Wisam Marzuq Sheheibar
    , 7
    |
  • Siham Muhammad Ibrahim Zu'rub
    , 11
    |
  • Ahmad Ramzi Abu Qadus
    , 13
    |
  • Walaa Na'im Muhammad Musalam
    , 14
    |
  • Salma Salem a-Radi'
    , 5
    |
  • Ibrahim Jamal Kamal Naser
    , 13
    |
  • Zeinab Safwat Abu Tir
    , 3
    |
  • Samar Musa Abu Jarad
    , 15
    |
  • Ibtehal Ibrahim 'Ayesh a-Ramahi
    , 4
    |
  • Hatem Zein Nayef al-Yazji
    , 3
    |
  • Iman Ibrahim 'Ayesh a-Ramahi
    , 14
    |
  • Dima 'Abdallah Salim
    , 3
    |
  • Islam Hamudah Hussein a-Najar
    , 3
    |
  • Hadi Salah a-Din Abu Hasanein
    , 12
    |
  • Elyas Ibrahim Dib al-Kulani
    , 4
    |
  • Hiba Akram Saleh a-Sha'er
    , 15
    |

Member of emergency services crew in Gaza; background: house bombed on 10 July 2014. Photo: Ahmad Zakut, Reuters.

According to B'Tselem's initial figures, at least 878 Palestinians have been killed in the Gaza Strip and Israel in the time between early Tuesday, 8 July 2014, when Operation Protective Edge airstrikes on Gaza began until the morning of 26 July. The fatalities include: 207 minors (one minor participated in the hostilities), 88 women (under age 60), 47 senior citizens (aged 60 and over), Initial findings indicate that 165 of the people killed participated in the hostilities.

Since the operation began two Israeli civilians, one foreign national and 43 Israeli soldiers have been killed in Israel and the Gaza Strip.

Residents evacuating from Beit Hanoun during the humanitarian ceasefire. Photo: Muhammad Sabah, B'Tselem, 26 July 2014

We waited until dawn to leave the house. My children cried all night. On Friday (18 July), at 5:30 A.M., I left with my family. We didn’t take anything. Some of the kids didn’t even have enough time to find shoes and they went out barefoot. A lot of people left al-Qararah like us. We walked to Khan Yunis, about 8 kilometers away. We were afraid the bombing wouldn’t stop and we wanted to get as far away as we could. We finally arrived, tired and anxious, at an UNRWA school across from the Khan Yunis hospital. We left behind 25 sheep, a mare, a foal, and chickens.

A grieving mother at the funeral of the children. Photo: Muhammad Salem, Reuters, 17 July 2014

"I was sitting reading the Quran when suddenly I heard a loud explosion. At first, I thought it was in the street or in a neighboring house. But I quickly realized it actually came from the roof of my house. I couldn't believe my house had been bombed. I ran up the stairs to the roof. Everything was full of dust and smoke. When they settled, I saw a terrible sight: a pile of five children lying one on top of the other... on the way to the hospital, Afnan passed away in my arms. I fainted. When I came to, we were at the hospital... they told me that two of my brother 'Issam's kids were dead too."

House in Khan Younis damaged by an Israeli air strike, Finbarr O'Reilly, Reuters, 17 July 2014

On 17 July, two employees of the al-Bureij local council were killed when the military bombed their Jeep. The two were on their way to inspect houses damaged by airstrikes. The bombing also injured two girls who live in a house nearby, one of them severely. Their mother, Fawziyeh al-Qrenawi, said in her testimony to B'Tselem: "My two daughters – Shahd, 7, and Salwa, 9 – were playing in their room, which has a wall facing the street... Suddenly, I heard a really loud explosion. A bomb landed very close to us. The house filled with dust and smoke. I ran to the girls' room and found them both lying on the floor. Shahd was bleeding. Salwa was lying next to her, screaming. I was stunned and couldn't understand what I was seeing."

Bombed and destroyed houses, Gaza, 19 July 2014. Photo: Suhaib Salem, Reuters

"The family sat out on the porch, enjoying the atmosphere after breaking the fast. Despite the general sense of fear because of the war... things in the area felt normal at the time... Musa, my four-year-old, was sitting in my lap. My wife was holding Hazem, the baby.... Suddenly, two missiles landed on us... Everyone was hysterical and it was a huge mess. It's hard to describe the moments after the explosion. I saw some members of my family lying on the ground. Some of them weren't moving. They had blood on their faces and clothes. The little children were crying."

Since the recent bout of fighting in Gaza began, the internet has been inundated with footage of the fighting and its results. It is often difficult to determine the reliability of this footage as well as the context in which the images were shot. Our blog will present footage we collected from various online sources. We do not have full information regarding most of the items, so we appended explanatory notes for context. We also provided links to related media reports and cited details of information still missing. Please note: Most of the clips contain graphic content.

Building hit by rocket, southern Israel. Photo: Ronen Zvulun, Reuters, 9 July 2014

Millions of Israeli citizens, many of whom are children, have been living under the threat of rocket fire for almost a week. For hundreds of thousands of Israelis living in the south of the country, this terrible situation is part of an ongoing routine. The unrelenting attacks have disrupted their lives, denied their right to live in security and hurt their ability to make a living. Every venture outside – to work, school, or a recreational activity – is attended by a sense of danger. Some residents have even decided to relocate for fear they or their loved ones would get hurt.

Joint letter by Human Rights Organizations to Minister of Defense and Chief of Staff concerning the absence of any secure area in the Gaza Strip to which civilians can escape to protect their lives and ensure their safety and that of their families. We demand the immediate opening of an escape route for civilians to escape the battle zone.

Residents leaving Beit Hanoun by foot during the humanitarian ceasefire. Photo: Muhammad Sabah, B'Tselem, 26 July 2014

"I decided to walk to my sister's house in a-Rimal neighborhood. It was very dangerous. We walked single file, one after another. I carried 'Abd a-Rahman and he held on to me tightly. We walked hugging the walls of buildings and the doors of closed shops, and tried to take cover under trees and light shelters. It felt like we were walking through a ghost town. We were surrounded by death... I prayed to God that He protect my children and me. I kept walking until we reached the hospital in Beit Hanoun. I met my husband there. I hadn't seen him since the war began, because he was at work all the time... We took a taxi from there to my sister's house in a-Rimal neighborhood. She was already hosting three other families, relatives of ours who had also fled the bombings. All told, we were 31 people. I was still scared, because no place is safe."

Saher Abu Namus, 3 years old, killed on Friday, 11 July 2014

More than 600 Palestinians have been killed during the fighting in Gaza so far, including more than 150 children. Yet Israeli media is barely covering the story, other than mentioning the number of casualties. To encourage public debate in Israel on the issue, B’Tselem asked to purchase a spot on IBA Radio in order to have the names of some of the children killed read out. The radio refused, on the grounds that reading out the names of Palestinian children killed in Gaza is politically “controversial”. Yet the refusal is, in itself, far from neutral: it is a powerful statement in favor of silencing public debate over the massive price that Gazan civilians are paying for this operation.

Women grieve in Khan Yunis. Photo: Finbarr O'Reilly 19 July, 2014

“My wife and I were afraid something bad would happen to Yasmin and Usamah. We thought my sister Kawthar’s home would be safer… It’s usually quiet there, and the bombings haven’t reached them... my cousin called from Khan Yunis. He said a missile had been fired at my sisters’ house and asked me to come quickly because my kids had been hurt... I ran like a maniac to Kawthar’s house. When I got to the front door, I realized something terrible had happened. People inside the house came up to me. They told me that my two children had been killed... I yelled and cried hysterically.

"It was the third time a Qassam rocket directly hit our family. The first was about five years ago, when a rocket hit my brother's house. Three years ago, a rocket hit my parents' house. I'm lucky that the damage to my house was relatively minor... my beeper started sounding the alarm and I went into the safe room ... I heard the rockets land very loudly, and it was so strong that the safe room shook... I was shaking and couldn't move. When I went out, I saw that the blast had blown the door in. I was shaking and couldn't move. When I went out, I saw that the blast had blown the door in. Bits of glass and shrapnel and plaster were scattered everywhere."

Palestinians fill bottles and containers with water from a public tap in Rafah. Photo: Ibrahim Abu Mustafa, Reuters, 19 July 2014

In an urgent letter to Defense Minister Moshe Ya’alon, 12 human rights organizations demand today that Israel fulfil its obligations and ensure that the humanitarian needs of the civilian population of Gaza are met, particularly with respect to the dwindling supply of water and electricity. More than half of Gaza’s population, 1.2 million people, currently were affected by lack of adequate access to water and sanitation services. Hundreds of thousands are completely without power, while additional hundreds of thousands are rationed up to 5 hours of electricity per day. These acute shortages are the result of severe damage to civilian infrastructure caused during the hostilities.

Ashkelon residents run for shelter during a bomb alert. Photo: Baz Ratner, Reuters

Millions of Israeli citizens, many of whom are children, have been living under the threat of rocket fire for more than two weeks. For hundreds of thousands of Israelis living in the south of the country, this terrible situation is part of an ongoing routine. The unrelenting attacks have disrupted their lives, denied their right to live in security and hurt their ability to make a living. Every venture outside – to work, school, or a recreational activity – is attended by a sense of danger. Some residents have even decided to relocate for fear they or their loved ones would get hurt. The photographs presented here were taken by Dudu Greenspan from Be'er Sheva, by Activestills, and by Reuters photographers.

"The children were very scared and wanted us to move to schools, where they thought we would be safer. My son Muhammad, who is 18, cried and told me, “You want us to die, like you did with Matar.” Our son Matar was 17 when he was killed in the 2009 war [Operation Cast Lead]. He was killed together with his cousin Muhammad, who was 12, while they were trying to escape the bombardments… After I lost him, I was in a very bad state and couldn't function for some time... My husband, my parents and I thought about it until the morning and decided to leave."

B'Tselem has championed human rights in the West Bank and Gaza Strip for over two decades, promoting a future where all Israelis and Palestinians will live in freedom and dignity.

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